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The Gracilis (sometimes known as the Adductor Gracilis) is a member of the Adductor Group, which is composed of (from lateral to medial) the:
- Adductor longus
- Adductor brevis
- Adductor magnus
- The gracilis attaches from the pubic bone to the pes anserine tendon (at the proximal anteromedial tibia)
- Adducts the thigh at the hip joint.
- Flexes the thigh at the hip joint.
- Medially rotates the thigh at the hip joint.
- Flexes the leg at the knee joint.
- Medially rotates the leg at the knee joint.
- Anteriorly tilts the pelvis at the hip joint.
- Ipsilaterally elevates the pelvis at the hip joint.
- Ipsilaterally rotates the pelvis at the hip joint.
NOTE: The gracilis is unusual in that it crosses the hip joint anteriorly, then crosses the knee joint posteriorly, and then attaches anteriorly again on the tibia.