Longus Colli

Joe Muscolino

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The longus colli of the prevertebral group is drawn in on the right side. The longus colli has three parts: superior oblique, inferior oblique, and vertical. The longus capitis (also of the prevertebral group) has been ghosted in on the left side.

The Longus Colli is a member of the Prevertebral Group, which is composed of the:

  • Longus colli
  • Longus capitis
  • Rectus capitis anterior
  • Rectus capitis lateralis

The Longus Colli has three parts: Inferior Oblique, Vertical, and Superior Oblique.


  • The longus colli attaches from C3-T3 to C1-C6.
    • The inferior attachments onto C3-T3 are onto the transverse processes and anterior bodies.
    • The superior attachments onto C1-C6 are onto the anterior arch of C1 and the transverse processes and anterior bodies of C2-C6.



  • Flexes the neck at the spinal joints.
  • Laterally flexes the neck at the spinal joints.


NOTE: The carotid sinus of the common carotid artery lies extremely close to the longus colli, so manual therapy in this region should be done judiciously.