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The Prevertebral Group is composed of the:
- Longus colli
- Longus capitis
- Rectus capitis anterior
- Rectus capitis lateralis
- The prevertebral musculature attaches from the cervical spine to the head.
- The longus muscles attach from the cervical spine to the head.
- The rectus capitis muscles attach from the atlas (C1) to the head.
- Flexes the neck and head at the spinal joints.
- Laterally flexes the neck and head at the spinal joints.
- The prevertebral group is composed of two longus muscles and two rectus capitis muscles.
- The prevertebral muscles are functionally important as stabilization muscles of the neck and head.
- The prevertebral muscles are often injured during whiplash accidents.