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Ranges of motion (ROM) of the cervical (cervicocranial) spine.
The cervical spine can move in all three cardinal planes (sagittal, frontal, and transverse).
- The average number of degrees of motion that the cervical (cervicocranial – head and neck) spine can move is:
- Flexion — 50 degrees
- Extension — 80 degrees
- Right lateral flexion — 45 degrees
- Left lateral flexion — 45 degrees
- Right rotation — 80 degrees
- Left rotation — 80 degrees
- Of course these ROMs are for a healthy young adult and are often less as we age. But they are still the ideal.
Note: 45% of all cervicocranial rotation occurs at the atlanto-axial (C1-C2) joint!