Based on the two studies, the researchers suggested that flexor digitorum longus and tibialis posterior stiffness could be related to the development of shin splints. Therefore, these muscles should be palpated and assessed in our clients who present with shin splints.
The exact location of the symptoms of sciatica would be determined by which neurons are compressed; in other words, which nerve root level is affected (from L4 to S3), and whether they are sensory or motor neurons.
Self-care for shin splints begins with RICE: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. If the client/patient has anterior shin splints that is caused by running or some other physical activity that involves running, the client/patient should stop the activity until the condition is resolved.
For anterior shin splints, physical exam should include palpation of the tibialis anterior and the rest of the dorsiflexor musculature of the leg.
The term shin splints is a lay term that usually refers to a periostitis (inflammation of the periosteal lining) of the tibia.
The piriformis stretch test is used to assess piriformis syndrome, that is, compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis.