Based on the two studies, the researchers suggested that flexor digitorum longus and tibialis posterior stiffness could be related to the development of shin splints. Therefore, these muscles should be palpated and assessed in our clients who present with shin splints.
Self-care for shin splints begins with RICE: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. If the client/patient has anterior shin splints that is caused by running or some other physical activity that involves running, the client/patient should stop the activity until the condition is resolved.
The first goal of manual therapy treatment for shin splints is to relieve the tension of the involved musculature by lessening baseline muscle tone and eliminating any trigger points that might be present. The second goal is to treat swelling, if present.
For anterior shin splints, physical exam should include palpation of the tibialis anterior and the rest of the dorsiflexor musculature of the leg.
The term shin splints is a lay term that usually refers to a periostitis (inflammation of the periosteal lining) of the tibia.