The coccygeus and levator ani are technically muscles of the pelvic floor, however, they are also muscles whose contraction forces cross the sacroiliac joint and therefore often tighten when a sacroiliac joint condition exists. The coccygeus attaches from the sacrum and coccyx to the ischial spine of the pelvic bone.
Five Muscles of Sacroiliac Stabilization – Part 1 – Piriformis
Even when the original reason for the sacroiliac stabilization is valid, often the human body overdoes it and tightens the musculature excessively and/or keeps it tight long after it needs to be, so the musculature becomes stuck in a chronic pattern of hypertonicity.
How do we treat sacroiliac joint dysfunction with manual therapy?
The treatment for a hypomobile sacroiliac joint (SIJ) joint is Grade IV joint mobilization (also known as arthrofascial stretching).
What are the signs and symptoms of sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
Because of the tendency of one sacroiliac joint (SIJ) to compensate for the other when motion is dysfunctional, typically both SIJs become dysfunctional.
What are the causes of sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
The sacroiliac joint is unique in that it is a transitional joint between the sacrum of the spine and the ilium of the pelvic bone of the lower extremity.
Signs, Symptoms, and Assessment of Spinal Joint Dysfunction
Assessment/diagnosis of spinal joint dysfunction, whether it is a hypomobility or a hypermobility, is done via motion palpation.
What are the causes of spinal joint dysfunction?
The primary causes of spinal joint hypomobility can be divided into three types: taut soft tissue, bony obstruction, and jammed meniscoid body.
What is spinal joint dysfunction?
Joint dysfunction literally means “bad motion.” There are two types: too little motion termed a hypomobility; and too much motion termed a hypermobility.
Joint Motion Palpation Assessment of the Lumbar Spine and Pelvis
Motion palpation assessment is performed by bringing the client’s joint to the end of its passive ROM and then gently applying a small, even, steady force.
Lumbar Spine Joint Dysfunction
The two most common causes of a hypomobile joint dysfunction are tight muscles, especially smaller, deeper intrinsic muscles, and fibrous adhesions.
Motion Palpation (Joint Play) Assessment of the Neck
Motion palpation is a specific form of passive (pin and stretch technique) assessment that challenges the intrinsic fascial tissue of the joint.
A tension headache is caused by excessive pulling force of tight muscles in the back of the neck that exert tension on their attachments on the head.
Joint Dysfunction of the Cervical Spine
A joint functions to allow motion, so two forms of joint dysfunction exist: Hypomobile joint has restricted motion; Hypermobile joint has excessive motion.
What is Joint Mobilization?
Grades IV and V joint mobilization are essentially pin and stretch technique.
Bone “A” is pinned and then Bone “B” is moved relative to Bone “A.”