posterior glide / translation motion of the spine

Motions of the Cervical Spine

Table 1 shows average healthy ranges of axial motion of the cervical spine (head and neck), from the atlanto-occipital joint through the C7-T1 joint.

cervical spinal joints - posterolateral view of the atlanto-occipital joint

Cervical Spinal Joints

The disc joint is a cartilaginous joint that is composed of outer fibers called the annulus fibrosus that encircle the inner nucleus pulposus.

cervical spine - superior posterolateral view of a cervical vertebra

Introduction to the Cervical Spine

It is extremely important to be able to locate and palpate the laminar groove of the cervical spine because the thickest musculature is located there.

Criss-Cross Pilates mat exercise

Biomechanics of the Pilates Mat Abdominal Series

5 Pilates Mat Abdominal Series exercises: Single Leg Stretch, Double Leg Stretch, Single Straight Leg Stretch, Double Straight Leg Stretch, & Criss-Cross.