Achilles tendinitis involves swelling of the tendon; Achilles tendinosus involves tendon degeneration. Achilles bursitis involves swelling of the bursa.
Achilles tendinitis most often occurs due to overuse of the gastrocnemius and soleus contracting to plantarflex the ankle joint.
Self-care for golfer’s elbow should include heat followed by frequent stretching of the hand and fingers into extension. Ice is used if swelling is present.
A good protocol for manual therapy for golfer’s elbow involves fascial spreading, longitudinal and cross fiber strokes, and pin and stretch technique.
Assessment (diagnosis) of golfer’s elbow is done with active and passive range of motion, manual resistance, and palpation.
The most common symptoms of golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylitis / medial epicondylosis) are pain and tightness at the common flexor belly/tendon.
A good manual therapy protocol for tennis elbow is fascial spreading, longitudinal and cross fiber strokes, and pin and stretch to the posterior forearm.
Golfer’s elbow is caused by an overuse of the muscles of flexion of the hand at the wrist joint and flexion of the fingers.
Assessment (diagnosis) of tennis elbow is done with active and passive range of motion, manual resistance, and palpation.
Self-care for tennis elbow should include frequent stretching of the hand and fingers into flexion. If inflammation is present, icing should be done.
Symptoms of tennis elbow include pain and tightness at the common extensor belly/tendon, directly distal to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus.
The cause of tennis elbow is overuse of the muscles that contribute to the common extensor belly/tendon of the posterior forearm.
Case Study: Kerrati came in for wellness massage, but during the postural examination, the therapist noticed that her right arch drops markedly.
Evertor muscles of the foot should be strengthened in a client who has the postural dysfunction pattern of overpronation (dropped arch).
The role of manual therapy for a rigid flat foot (overpronation) is to loosen fascial adhesions that are locking the bones in a position of pronation.
The first and most obvious sign of overpronation is a flat foot / dropped arch. A supple flat foot loses the arch only when weight bearing.
A supple flat foot is caused by either lax ligaments and/or weak musculature that cannot support the arch when weight-bearing.